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Home The Decades 1940s 1940 US Federal Census

1940 US Federal Census

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VAV!/March 18, 2012

On April 2, 2012, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) will provide access to the images of the 1940 United States Federal Census for the first time. Unlike previous census years, images of the Census will be made available as free digital images.  

The National Archives (NARA) has also launched its new website 1940census.archives.gov.   No other website will host the 1940 census data on its April 2, release date.

A National Archives 3:13 minute video short below provides a "behind-the-scenes" view of staff preparations for the April 2, 2012, 9 a.m. EST launch.

Background on the 1940 Census

'While the original intent of the census was to determine how many representatives each state was entitled to send to the U.S. Congress, it has become a vital tool for Federal agencies in determining allocation of Federal funds and resources. The census is also a key research tool for sociologists, demographers, historians, political scientists and genealogists. Many of the questions on the 1940 census are the standard ones: name, age, gender, and race, education, and place of birth. But the 1940 census also asks many new questions, some reflecting concerns of the Great Depression. The instructions ask the enumerator to enter a circled x after the name of the person furnishing the information about the family; whether the person worked for the CCC, WPA, or NYA the week of March 24--30, 1940; and income for the 12 months ending December 31, 1939. The 1940 census also has a supplemental schedule for two names on each page. The supplemental schedule asks the place of birth of the person's father and mother; the person's usual occupation, not just what they were doing the week of March 24--30, 1940; and for all women who are or have been married, has this woman been married more than once and age at first marriage.'

For the census release online, the National Archives has digitized, in its entirety, more than 3.8 million digital images of census schedules, maps, and enumeration district descriptions.


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Last Updated ( Friday, 23 March 2012 09:59 )  

 

 

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April 17 On This Day In History

Pictured above: Author, Thornton Wilder as Mr. Antrobus in The Skin of Your [Our] Teeth, Carl Van Vechten, photographer, August 18, 1948/LOC VAV!/April 17, 2013 1492 - A contractual agreement was signed by Christopher Columbus and a representative of Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, granting Columbus a commission to seek a westward ocean passage to Asia. 1521 - Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church after refusal to admit charges of heresy. 1524 - Navigator, Giovanni Verrazano, reached New York Harbor. 1629 - Horses were imported into the colonies by the Massachusetts Bay Colony on this day.

 

April 16 On This Day In History

The first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation before the cabinet. Painted by F.B. Carpenter ; engraved by A.H. Ritchie, c1866. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-2070 DLC) VAV!/April 16, 2014 1818 – The United States Senate ratified the Rush-Bagot Treaty, thus establishing the border with Canada. 1862 – Battle at Lee's Mills in Virginia. 1862 – The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, a bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia, becomes law. 1863 – During the Siege of Vicksburg, ships led by Union Admiral David Dixon Porter move through heavy Confederate artillery fired on approach to Vicksburg, Mississippi. 1881 – In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fought his last gun battle. 1908 – Natural Bridges National Monument was established in Utah. 1910 – The oldest existing indoor ice hockey arena used for the sport in the 21st century, Boston Arena, opened for the first time. 1912 – Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel. 1941 – Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians threw the only Opening Day no-hitter in the history of Major League Baseball, beating the Chicago White Sox 1-0. 1945 – The United States Army liberated Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz). 1947 – Texas City Disaster: An explosion on board a freighter in port causes the city of Texas City, Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600. 1947 – Bernard Baruch coined the term "Cold War" to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union. 1962 – Walter Cronkite took over as the lead news anchor of the CBS Evening News, during which time he become "the most trusted man in America". 1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation. 1972 – Apollo program: The launch of Apollo 16 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. 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Lathrop, American children's author (d. 1980) 1892 – Howard Mumford Jones, American writer (d. 1980) 1896 – Robert Henry Best, American journalist (d. 1952) 1904 – Fifi D'Orsay, Canadian-American actress (d. 1983) 1910 – Berton Roueché, American journalist and author (d. 1994) 1912 – Catherine Scorsese, American actress (d. 1997) 1912 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996) 1913 – Les Tremayne, English-American actor (d. 2003) 1915 – Joan Alexander, American actress (d. 2009) 1916 – Ted Mann, American businessman (d. 2001) 1917 – Barry Nelson, American actor (d. 2007) 1919 – Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2009) 1921 – Peter Ustinov, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2004) 1922 – Pat Peppler, American football player and coach 1923 – Warren Barker, American composer (d. 2006) 1924 – Henry Mancini, American composer and conductor (d. 1994) 1924 – Rudy Pompilli, American saxophonist (Bill Haley & His Comets) (d. 1976) 1927 – Edie Adams, American actress and singer (d. 2008) 1927 – Dick Lane, American football player (d. 2002) 1927 – Peter Mark Richman, American actor 1929 – Roy Hamilton, American singer (d. 1969) 1929 – Ed Townsend, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2003) 1930 – Herbie Mann, American flute player (d. 2003) 1933 – Ike Pappas, American journalist (d. 2008) 1935 – Bobby Vinton, American singer and actor 1937 – George Steele, American wrestler and actor 1938 – Rich Rollins, American baseball player 1939 – John Amabile, American football player and coach (d. 2012) 1939 – John Delafose, American accordion player (d. 1994) 1939 – Dusty Springfield, English singer and producer (The Lana Sisters and The Springfields) (d. 1999) 1941 – Allan Segal, American director and producer (d. 2012) 1942 – Jim Lonborg, American baseball player 1942 – Frank Williams, English businessman, founded the Williams F1 Racing Team 1945 – Tom Allen, American lawyer and politician 1946 – Margot Adler, American journalist and author 1946 – R. Carlos Nakai, American flute player 1947 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, American basketball player and coach 1949 – Melody Patterson, American actress 1949 – Ann Romney, American wife of Mitt Romney 1950 – David Graf, American actor (d. 2001) 1951 – Mordechai Ben David, American singer-songwriter 1951 – Billy West, American voice actor 1952 – Bill Belichick, American football player and coach 1953 – Douglas M. Fraser, American general 1953 – Jay O. Sanders, American actor 1953 – J. Neil Schulman, American author, actor, director, and producer 1954 – Ellen Barkin, American actress 1955 – Bruce Bochy, American baseball player and manager 1956 – David M. 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April 15 On This Day In History

Pictured above: Jackie Robinson VAV!/April 15, 2014 1452 - Leonardo da Vinci was born in Vinci, Florence. 1783 – Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence) were ratified. 1802 – William Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy viewed a "long belt" of daffodils, thus inspiring the former to pen "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud". 1817 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc founded the American School for the Deaf, the first American school for deaf students, in Hartford, Connecticut. 1850 - The city of San Francisco was incorporated.

 

Apollo 13: "Houston, we've had a problem"

Pictured above:  Apollo 13 Crew/L-R/Fred. W. Haise, Jr., lunar module pilot; James A. Lovell Jr., commander; and John L. Swigert Jr.,/NASA "Houston, we've had a problem..." - John Leonard "Jack Swigert, Jr. Apollo 13 (AS-508), the third manned lunar-landing mission, launched on 11 April 1970 at 1:13 p.m. CST (2:13 p.m. EST), April 11, 1970 from launch complex 39A at Kennedy Space Center. Two days following the launch, on April 13, 1970, at 2:08 UTC (10:08PM EST), the Apollo spacecraft was rocked by an explosion.   An oxygen tank aboard the Service Module exploded mid-mission. Within moments, astronaut John Leonard "Jack" Swigert, Jr. announced, "Houston, we've had a problem here."   The explosion crippled the spacecraft, consequently resulting in a near-complete loss of electricity and oxygen.  

 

Jessie Winchester

Pictured above:  James Ridout "Jessie" Winchester/By Screen Grab© via Facebook Musician and songwriter, James Ridout "Jessie" Winchester died Friday, April 11, 2014 of cancer. He was 69. His passing was announced on his official Facebook page Friday with the following words; "Friends, our sweet Jesse died peacefully in his sleep this morning. Bless his loving heart." Rider was born and reared in the southern United States. After after moving to Canada in 1967 to avoid the Vietnam War draft , he launched his career as a solo artist and in doing so made a name for himself in the world of entertainment. Among his recordings were 1970s "Yankee Lady, "and 1981's "Say What" in 1981.  He was perhaps best known for his songwriting talents for legendary artists, including Patti Page, Elvis Costello, Jimmy Buffett, Joan Baez, Anne Murray, Reba McEntire, The Everly Brothers and Emmylou Harris.

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