Pictured above: L. Frank Baum, Three-Quarter-Length Portrait/copyright 1908/LOC.
VAV!/May 15, 2013
1602 - English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold arrived at present-day Cape Cod, which he's credited with naming.
1618 - Johannes Kepler confirms his previously rejected discovery of the third law of planetary motion (he first discovered it on March 8 but soon rejected the idea after some initial calculations were made).
1718 - James Puckle, a London lawyer, patented the world's first machine gun.
1755 – Laredo, Texas was established by the Spaniards.
1756 - The Seven Years of War began.(The Seven Years War, a global conflict known in America as the French and Indian War, officially began when England declared war on France)
1776 - The Virginia Convention instructs its Continental Congress delegation to propose a resolution of independence from Great Britain, paving the way for the United States Declaration of Independence.
1781 - Continentals capture Fort Granby, South Carolina.
1800 - President John Adams ordered the federal government to depart Philadelphia and launch operations in the nation's new capital in Washington, D.C.