Vintage Allies

Wednesday
Sep 17th
Text size
  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
Home The Decades Victorian The United States Golf Association was formed -- in New York City.

The United States Golf Association was formed -- in New York City.

golfer2

VAV!/December 22, 2011

December 22, 1894, the foundation of the United States Golf Association (USGA) marked the formal organization of American golf. The centralized body would write rules, conduct national championships and implement a national system of handicapping.

Today, the USGA plays a pivotal role as the game's historian for the collection, display and preservation of artifacts and memorabilia at its Museum and Archives in Far Hills, N.J.

In September, 1894, William G. Lawrence won a "national amateur championship" at Newport (R.I.) Golf Club. In October, Laurence B. Stoddard won a "national amateur championship" at St. Andrew's Golf Club. Runner up in both events, C.B. Macdonald,  called for the formation of a governing body to oversee and conduct a universally recognized national championship.

The Amateur Golf Association of the United States - soon to be called the United States Golf Association - was formed on Dec. 22. Charter members were Newport Golf Club, Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, The Country Club (Brookline, Mass.), St. Andrew's Golf Club (Yonkers, N.Y.), and Chicago Golf Club.

In the same year, America's first golf magazine, The Golfer , is published in New York, N.Y.

1895 - Charles B. Macdonald won the first official U.S. Amateur championship at Newport Golf Club and the first U.S. Open was held the next day at the same club. 

Mrs. Charles S. Brown (Lucy Barnes) wins the first U.S. Women's Amateur championship at the Meadow Brook Club in Hempstead, N.Y.

James Lee, wrote the first golf book in America 'Golf in America: A Practical Manual.'  

1898- Coburn Haskell and Bertram Work design and patent a wound-rubber golf ball, which flies farther than the gutta-percha ball.  Meanwhile, the United States Open expands to 72 holes from 36 and is held for the first time at a separate course from the Amateur.

'Birdie' enters the golf vocabulary at Atlantic City Country Club in New Jersey when Ab Smith said a fellow member hit a "bird of a shot" and suggests a double payoff for scoring one under par on a hole.

1900 -  British Vardon becomes the first sports figure in history to endorse a product, using his "Vardon Flyer" ball througout the tour.

1905 - Harry Vardon publishes The Complete Golfer , which explains, among other things, the Vardon grip.

1906 - In Great Britain, William Taylor applies for a patent on a dimple design for golf ball covers

Three-time U.S. Amateur champion Walter Travis founding American Golfer magazine and serving as its first editor in 1908. 

The USGA rules in 1909  that caddies, caddie-masters and greenkeepers past the age of 16 are professionals. The age would be raised to 18 in 1930, 21 in 1945, until the ruling was rescinded in 1963.

Arthur F. Knight obtains a patent for a seamed, tubular, steel golf shaft in 1910. Steel shafts, however, are still illegal. The R&A bans the center-shafted putter, while the USGA keeps it legal, marking the first time that the USGA diverges from an R&A equipment ruling.

During 1911,  the USGA increased yardage for determining par:

Three - up to 225 yards

Four - 225 to 425 yards

Five - 426 to 600 yards

Six - 601 yards and over

1912 - The USGA introducing a handicap limit of six on entrants for the U.S. Amateur.

1916 - The Professional Golfers' Association of America is formed in January. 

1917-  Par yardage is again changed:

Three - up to 250 yards

Four - 251 to 445 yards

Five - 446 to 600 yards

Six - more than 600 yards

1919 - The first golf book to use high-speed sequence photography - Picture Analysis of Golf Strokes , by Jim Barnes - is published.

1920 - The USGA creates the Green Section for turfgrass research.  In that same year, the USGA and R&A agree to a standard ball - 1.62 inches in diameter and 1.62 ounces.

1922 - An admission fee ($1) is charged for the first time at the U.S. Open. 

Intended for all interested countries, the first Walker Cup match between amateurs from the United States and Great Britain (the only taker) was  held at National Golf Links of America in Southampton, N.Y.

Public-course golfers got their own tournament - the USGA's Amateur Public Links Championship.

Walter Hagen was  the first professional to found a golf equipment company under his name.

1924 -  Gound steel-shafted clubs permitted in the United States by the USGA as of April 11; the R&A continues to ban their use in Great Britain until 1929.

The USGA introduces sectional qualifying rounds for the U.S. Open.

1927 -  The United State Department of Agriculture said it developed "the perfect putting green grass" -- creeping bent.

1930 - The USGA mandates use of a larger and lighter ball (1.68 inches and 1.55 ounces). This so-called "balloon ball" was  unpopular, and after only one year the USGA increased the allowed weight to 1.62 ounces, keeping the size at 1.68 inches. Meanwhile, the R&A stayed with the 1.62-inch, 1.62-ounce ball.

The concave-faced wedge was banned, but Gene Sarazen perfected a design of the sand wedge, with a wide flange, which remained legal.

Bobby Jones filmed a series of instructional movies, 'How I Play Golf .'

Billy Burke won the first to win a U.S. Open using steel shafts.

1934 - Helen Hicks became one of the first women to turn professional. There are no professional tournaments, but she promoteed products for Wilson-Western Sporting Goods Company.

1937 -  The first Bing Crosby National Pro-Am is held at Rancho Santa Fe in San Diego. It moved to Pebble Beach in 1947.

1938 -  A USGA Rule limited players to fourteen clubs. Some players (e.g., Lawson Little) had been carrying as many as twenty-five. The Rule was designed to restore shot-making skill.

1941 - The USGA developed a machine for testing golf-ball velocity at impact, but plans were put on hold until after the war.

1942 - A Rule change authorized players to stop play on their own initiative if they considered themselves endangered by lightning.

1946 - The first U.S. Women's Open was held, and the only one ever waged at match play.

1947 - The USGA revised and simplified the Rules of Golf going from 61 Rules to 21. The R & A didn't go along, however.

Also, the U.S. Open was televised - but only locally in St. Louis.

The Golf World magazine began publication.

1948 -  The first U.S. Junior Amateur was played. Golf Journalmagazine - originally USGA Journal Combining Timely Turf Topics - appeared.

1949 -  The Ladies Professional Golf Association replaced the Women's Professional Golf Association.

1951 -  The USGA and R&A held a joint conference and agreed on a uniform Rules of Golf worldwide, effective the following year. The only remaining difference was the size of the ball (the R&A permits a diameter of 1.62 inches compared with the USGA's 1.68 inches). The stymie was abolished, center-shafted putters were legalized (in Britain center-shafted putters had been illegal since 1909), and the out-of-bounds penalty was made stroke and distance.

Golf Digest began publication.

1953 - The World Championship became the first nationally televised tournament.

Tommy Armour's instruction book, ' How to Play Your Best Golf All the Time' was published .

1954  - The U.S. Open televised nationally for the first time and the holes are roped for gallery control.

1956 - Yardage for guidance in computing par was increased to current levels:

Three - up to 250 yards

Four - 251 to 470 yards

Five - 471 yards and over

1957 - Ben Hogan publishes an instructional classic: 'Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf .'

1958 - A new USGA system provided just one handicap for golfers, not "current" and "basic."

The PGA Championship changed from match play to stroke play. 

The USGA and R&A organized the World Amateur Golf Council, and held the first World Amateur Team Championship.

1961 - The PGA of America dropped the Caucasians-only clause from its constitution, allowing African-Americans to become members.

According to the National Golf Foundation, at that time in history, there were 5 million golfers in the United States.

1962 - For the first time, water hazards are marked with painted lines at the U.S. Open.

1963 - Clubmakers were experimenting with the casting method for making irons, enabling them to create a larger "sweet spot" than forged blades offer.

1965 - The U.S. Amateur changed from match play to stroke play. The U.S. Open was held over four days instead of three; no more 36 holes on the final day.

1968 - Croquet-style putting, recently employed by Sam Snead, was ruled illegal by the USGA.

The Tournament Players Division was created within the PGA.

1971 - The number of golfers in the U.S. had doubled,  there were at that time, 10 million.

1972  -The Colgate-Dinah Shore Winners Circle debuted on the LPGA Tour, offering the first six-figure purse in women's golf -- $110,000.

Spalding introduced the two-piece Top-Flite ball, constructed with a solid core inside a durable synthetic cover.

Title IX legislation was passed by Congress, forcing colleges to provide more opportunities for female athletes. The expansion of women's college golf increasedthe talent pool of the LPGA Tour.

1973 - The graphite shaft was introduced.

1974 - The Tournament Players Championship made its debut.

1976 - The USGA adopted the Overall Distance Standard for golf balls, limiting them to 280 yards under standard test conditions.

1977 - The U.S. Open was the first American golf event to provide television coverage of all 18 holes.

A major championship was decided by sudden death for the first time in the PGA Championship at Pebble Beach.

1978 - The Legends of Golf debuted, an event that led to the birth of the Senior Tour (now called the Champions Tour).

1979 - TaylorMade introduced its first metal wood. In the next decade, metal woods became predominant.


blog comments powered by Disqus
Last Updated ( Saturday, 24 December 2011 07:07 )  

 

 

Like us on Facebook!

Stock Trader Scroller

Powered by Stock Market News and Money Transfer

 

ACADEMY ANNOUNCES HOLLYWOOD COSTUME EXHIBITION-RELATED PROGRAMMING

Special Screenings, Live Discussions through February 2015 VAV!/September 15, 2014/BEVERLY HILLS, CA The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences will complement the groundbreaking exhibition Hollywood Costume with a series of special screenings and live discussions exploring costume design as an essential tool of cinematic storytelling. Presented by the Victoria and Albert Museum, London and the Academy, Hollywood Costume will be on view October 2, 2014, through March 2, 2015, in the historic Wilshire May Company building at the corner of Wilshire Boulevard and Fairfax Avenue in Los Angeles. Visitors who purchase tickets to Hollywood Costume will receive free admission to Academy events held on the same day. Tickets are on sale now at www.oscars.org/HC. Hollywood Costume is sponsored by Swarovski. Exhibition-related public programs include: The Perfect Match: Hollywood Costume CollaborationsSaturdays, October 4 through December 20This screening series explores the relationship specific Hollywood costume designers have developed with directors, whether over large bodies of work or in concentrated periods of creative collaboration, spanning the silent era to present day. A diverse range of costume designers will speak about their work with noted directors: Mary Zophres on Ethan and Joel Coen, Mark Bridges on Paul-Thomas Anderson, Marilyn Vance on John Hughes, Jeffrey Kurland on Woody Allen, and Deborah Nadoolman Landis on John Landis. TICKETING Visitors who purchase tickets to Hollywood Costume will receive free admission to Academy events held on the same day. Visitors must present their Hollywood Costume ticket at the Bing Theater Box Office for free admission. Exhibition tickets for Hollywood Costume are on sale now at www.oscars.org/HC. Admission: $20 Adults ǀ $15 Seniors (62+) ǀ $10 for students with ID and children under 13. The Bing Theater is located at 5905 Wilshire Boulevard on the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) campus.Public program tickets are $5 for the general public, $3 for Academy members, LACMA Film Club members and students with a valid ID. Doors open one hour prior to each event. All seating is unreserved. For more information, visit oscars.org or call (310) 247-3600. LOCATION & PARKINGHollywood Costume is on view at the Wilshire May Company building, 6067 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90036. Contact: 310-247-3049; HollywoodCostume@oscars.org Parking is $12 and available at the Pritzker Parking Garage on 6th Street just east of Fairfax Avenue, and the LACMA lot on the corner of Wilshire Boulevard and Spaulding Avenue. Additional parking is available at the Petersen Automotive Museum parking lot on Fairfax just south of Wilshire, the Museum Square parking lot on Curson Avenue, and metered spaces on 6th Street. The Wilshire May Company building is easily accessible via public transportation. Visit Metro.net for details. Visit www.oscars.org/HC for more information. CREDITSHollywood Costume is organized by the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Swarovski is the presenting sponsor of Hollywood Costume. The crystal house has provided the all-important sparkle to Hollywood's wardrobes since the 1930s, when Swarovski crystals began to light up the silver screen in classic films like Gone with the Wind, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Breakfast at Tiffany's. In recent years, Swarovski has worked closely with talents in costume and set design on blockbusters including Black Swan, Skyfall and The Great Gatsby, and its crystals have been the key creative ingredient in the dazzling set design for the Academy Awards® since 2007. Additional support is provided by Pirelli and the Blavatnik Family Foundation. --># # # ABOUT THE ACADEMYThe Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is the world's preeminent movie-related organization, with a membership of more than 6,000 of the most accomplished men and women working in cinema. In addition to the annual Academy Awards—in which the members vote to select the nominees and winners — the Academy presents a diverse year-round slate of public programs, exhibitions and events; acts as a neutral advocate in the advancement of motion picture technology; and, through its Margaret Herrick Library and Academy Film Archive, collects, preserves, restores and provides access to movies and items related to their history. Through these and other activities the Academy serves students, historians, the entertainment industry and people everywhere who love movies. FOLLOW THE ACADEMYwww.oscars.orgwww.facebook.com/TheAcademywww.youtube.com/Oscarswww.twitter.com/TheAcademy

 

Miss America Kira Kazantsev Crowned in Atlantic City

Pictured above:  Miss New York, Kira Kazantsev, Miss America 2015 In the City Where It All Began, Miss New York is Named Miss America 2015 VAV!/ATLANTIC CITY, NJ/September 14, 2014 Miss New York Kira Kazantsev was crowned Miss America 2015 tonight at the birthplace of the legendary competition in Atlantic City's Boardwalk Hall. The Miss America Finals were broadcast live on ABC. Kira's acceptance of the highly-prized crown is just the beginning of a journey that will take her to every corner of the nation during her year of service as Miss America 2015. She will embark on her national speaking tour about her platform, Love Shouldn't Hurt: Protecting Women Against Domestic Violence and act as the official National Goodwill Ambassador for Children's Miracle Network Hospitals. Children's Miracle Network Hospitals, a non-profit organization dedicated to saving and improving the lives of children by raising funds for children's hospitals, is the national platform partner of the Miss America Organization.

 

President Obama: “We Will Degrade and Ultimately Destroy ISIL”

Pictured above: President Barack Obama delivers an address to the nation on the U.S. Counterterrorism strategy to combat ISIL, in the Cross Hall of the White House, Sept. 10, 2014. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza) VAV!/September 11, 2014/Washington "ISIL is not "Islamic." No religion condones the killing of innocents. And the vast majority of ISIL's victims have been Muslim. And ISIL is certainly not a state. It was formerly al Qaeda's affiliate in Iraq, and has taken advantage of sectarian strife and Syria's civil war to gain territory on both sides of the Iraq-Syrian border. It is recognized by no government, nor by the people it subjugates. ISIL is a terrorist organization, pure and simple. And it has no vision other than the slaughter of all who stand in its way." - President Obama "ISIL is a terrorist organization, pure and simple." In an address from the State Floor of the White House on September 10, 2014, President Obama spoke to the nation about ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) -- and a comprehensive strategy to degrade and ultimately destroy the terrorist group.  Ushering in a new military front in the Middle East, President Obama authorized U.S. airstrikes inside Syria, along with expanded strikes in Iraq.

 

September Walk to End Lupus Now™ Events

  Pictured above: Walk Team www.WalktoEndLupusNow.org

 

Joan Rivers

Pictured above: Joan Rivers at a Benefit Concert/Taken on March 24, 2010/Photographer: Bob Jagendorf/flickr/CC VAV!/September 4, 2014/New York/NY The legendary comedian and fashion critic, Joan Rivers, died at 1:17 pm EST on September 4, 2014 at Mount Sinai in New York. Her death came a week after suffering a cardiac arrest during a routine medical procedure. She was 81.  An investigation is being made into her death. For decades Rivers made America laugh with a  humor that was both scathing and satirical.  She focused on the lives of celebrities and high profile figures.  Joan, a groundbreaking comedian with a career of over five decades, became a household name in 1965 where she appeared as a guest on The Tonight Show ,hosted by Johnny Carson, whom she also recognized as her mentor.  She became a substitute host on the Show in 1983.

Follow Us On

Vintage Allies on Facebook.com Vintage Allies on Twitter.com